Sustainable education in entrepreneurship at Polytechnic University of Timisoara

Florin Dragan
Polytechnic University of Timisoara

Marian Liviu Mocan
Polytechnic University of Timisoara

Larisa Victoria Ivascu
Polytechnic University of Timisoara

George Belgiu
Polytechnic University of Timisoara

Abstract
Present paper objective is to summarize the main concerns related to entrepreneurial education and sustainability at Polytechnic University of Timisoara, but in the same time to high light the most relevant results and to present it as a good practice example. Therefore starting from these premises, the work, will present the results of many studies or projects conducted and implemented over the years at the Polytechnic University of Timisoara in order to achieve sustainable development in education and to support entrepreneurship activities.
Sustainability involves achieving a permanent balance between economic, social and environmental responsibility. Sustainable Education (EfS) is the way in which we can reach the general objective of sustainability.
Our researches have been focussed on: (I) the entrepreneurial potential of graduates&students and their entrepreneurial intention; (II) teaching methods and how these methods influences students in learning; application of sustainability concepts in education activity but not only; (III) identification of students wishes and needs and the role of education.
Research methodology consists in: a literature review to evaluate qualitatively and empirically the concepts of: entrepreneurial intention, sustainability, role of education and learning process etc. In the same time were conducted comparative qualitative approaches based on online survey, and also a flexible approach by enterprise gaming.
As an important results we can mention: (I) the students considering the main advantages of being entrepreneurs the opportunity to apply your own ideas and to be independent; Regarding the their willingness and readiness to become entrepreneurs students identify the desire and opportunity to control and have influence on other people as the main motivating factor to be entrepreneurs; If the students get/ obtain financial support (non-refundable) it is easier to take the risk of starting a new business; Regarding the most important disadvantages of being an entrepreneur the students have chosen “big responsibility; (II) The main factors that motivate the students in the educational process are: . Interactive methods, Interaction with the business environment, Digital information, Professor initiatives, Visual learning, Technical background, Communication, Time Management, Basic IT Environments, Social Media, Reputation of the university, University collaborations with enterprises, Internships, Open innovation challenges; (III) The needs and wishes of the students are directed towards increasing the attractiveness of the teaching material and intensifying the case studies on real industries.
Concluding, higher education presents a lot of opportunities for students. Education is one of the most important pillars in a country’s future development and enables the growth of quality of life and general welfare in the long-term, being an important asset of competitiveness. One of the most important aspects of education, besides the obvious role of providing knowledge and developing thinking and analytical skills in a specific domain, is teaching the role of proper conduct through ethics and encouraging high moral values amongst students. The strategies for education should be updated periodically. Technical higher education competitiveness depends on factors that help its development and of course on the perturbations in the environment e.g. competition. Higher technical education development strategy is based on certain factors which include: correct and realistic identification of target audience; basic problems encountered from high school; developing the skills of the young graduate; use online environment for teaching and learning; online communication for the barriers encountered during the preparation and exam session; online / labs consulting sessions; developing an optimal learning environment (dormitories, reading rooms, et al.); and other information to be included in the base process.